Category: Diabetes Care

How to Prevent and Treat Prediabetes

Everyone knows that the main manifestation of this disease is increased blood glucose. At the stage of prediabetes, the fasting blood glucose level is below pathogenic. Doctors gave this transition state a difficult name – impaired glucose tolerance, in which the fasting glucose level is less than 7.0 mmol/l. Two hours after the exercise test, during which a person is allowed to drink 75 g of dissolved glucose, it achieves the range of 7.8–11.1 mmol/l. In recent years, doctors introduced another concept – impaired fasting glucose, in which the fasting glucose level is from 6.1 to 7.0 mmol/l, and two hours after the glucose level is within the normal range, that is, less than 7.8 mmol/l. Both diagnoses reflect impaired carbohydrate metabolism and a high likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. However, there are no signs of disease (such as thirst, dry mouth, itchy skin) at this stage. They appear…

How to Test for Diabetes at Home?

There are several ways to diagnose this dysfunction at home. Its diagnostics depends on the type of this disease you suffer from. Type 1 diabetes Type 1 develops in young people under 30 years of age. The main problem lies in the pancreas condition. It either produces too little sugar-lowering hormone – insulin or stops producing it at all. The most frequent reasons for this are unfavorable heredity (however, a person can get sick, even if no one suffers from type 1 diabetes in the family) and an autoimmune conflict (this is when the body begins to produce antibodies against its own pancreatic insulin-producing cells). At the same time, one of the characteristic symptoms of this type of disease is that a person begins to lose weight fast. With type 1 diabetes, insulin injections are indispensable. An alternative to injections is insulin pumps: devices through which the body constantly receives…